DURATION: 12 hours
PRICE: 650 PLN / € 165 per person
min. 2 Guests are needed to launch the tour
The first stop is the town of Czersk, where you can find an interesting Polish gothic era castle. Czersk town is older than Warsaw and used to be the main city in the region. In the 11th century a wooden fort existed in the location of the castle. In year 1350, the gord was partly destroyed in a Lithuanian raid, and in 1388, the Duke of Mazovia Janusz I of Warsaw ordered construction of a Gothic castle with two towers and a tower gate. Partly destoyed by the Swedish army in 1656 Czersk Castle is the best preserved Gothic construction in the Masovian Voivodeship.
The next stop will be the battlefield of Magnuszew bridgehead. Here in September 1944 the Soviet Army crossed the Vistula river on their way to Berlin. The German counter-attack tried to dislodge the Soviet engineers, and the Polish troops providing support for them, behind the Vistula off the bridgehead. The Soviet and Polish forces held the bridgehead, and German forces suffered heavy casualties before withdrawing. Today you can find an exhibition of Soviet tanks and canons, including famous the Katiusha rocket launcher placed around the original trenches.
On the way to Majdanek you'll visit the lovely renaissance Kazimierz Dolny town. It's a pearl of Polish Renaissance, with the main square looking as if it has been untouched since 16th Century. It is a considerable tourist attraction as one of the most beautifully situated little towns in Poland. It enjoyed its greatest prosperity in the 16th and the first half of the 17th century, due to the trade in grain conducted along the Vistula. It became an economic backwater after that trade declined, and this freeze in economic development enabled the town to preserve its Renaissance urban plan and appearance. Over the years Kazimierz became an important location for the Polish Jewish community. Between the First and Second World wars, the Jewish population was about 1,400, reaching half the total population of the town.
After relaxing visit and lunch break in Kazimierz you'll drive to the thrilling museum - Majdanek Nazi Concentration Camp. Majdanek (aka KL Lublin) was a Nazi German concentration and extermination camp established on the outskirts of the city of Lublin during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. The camp, which operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, was captured nearly intact, because the rapid advance of the Soviet Red Army prevented the SS from destroying most of its infrastructure. Majdanek, also known to the SS as Konzentrationslager Lublin, remains the best preserved Nazi concentration camp of the Holocaust.